人口数及构成(1949年-2016年)
发布时间:2017-11-29 浏览次数: 来源: 字体:


单位:万人

(10 000 persons)

 

年份
Year

总人口 (年末)
Total Population (year-end)

按性别分 By Sex

按城乡分 By Residence

Male

Female

城镇 Urban

乡村 Rural

人口数Population

比重(%) Proportion

人口数Population

比重(%) Proportion

人口数Population

比重(%) Proportion

人口数Population

比重(%) Proportion

1949

54167

28145

51.96

26022

48.04

5765

10.64

48402

89.36

1950

55196

28669

51.94

26527

48.06

6169

11.18

49027

88.82

1951

56300

29231

51.92

27069

48.08

6632

11.78

49668

88.22

1955

61465

31809

51.75

29656

48.25

8285

13.48

53180

86.52

1960

66207

34283

51.78

31924

48.22

13073

19.75

53134

80.25

1965

72538

37128

51.18

35410

48.82

13045

17.98

59493

82.02

1970

82992

42686

51.43

40306

48.57

14424

17.38

68568

82.62

1971

85229

43819

51.41

41410

48.59

14711

17.26

70518

82.74

1972

87177

44813

51.40

42364

48.60

14935

17.13

72242

82.87

1973

89211

45876

51.42

43335

48.58

15345

17.20

73866

82.80

1974

90859

46727

51.43

44132

48.57

15595

17.16

75264

82.84

1975

92420

47564

51.47

44856

48.53

16030

17.34

76390

82.66

1976

93717

48257

51.49

45460

48.51

16341

17.44

77376

82.56

1977

94974

48908

51.50

46066

48.50

16669

17.55

78305

82.45

1978

96259

49567

51.49

46692

48.51

17245

17.92

79014

82.08

1979

97542

50192

51.46

47350

48.54

18495

18.96

79047

81.04

1980

98705

50785

51.45

47920

48.55

19140

19.39

79565

80.61

1981

100072

51519

51.48

48553

48.52

20171

20.16

79901

79.84

1982

101654

52352

51.50

49302

48.50

21480

21.13

80174

78.87

1983

103008

53152

51.60

49856

48.40

22274

21.62

80734

78.38

1984

104357

53848

51.60

50509

48.40

24017

23.01

80340

76.99

1985

105851

54725

51.70

51126

48.30

25094

23.71

80757

76.29

1986

107507

55581

51.70

51926

48.30

26366

24.52

81141

75.48

1987

109300

56290

51.50

53010

48.50

27674

25.32

81626

74.68

1988

111026

57201

51.52

53825

48.48

28661

25.81

82365

74.19

1989

112704

58099

51.55

54605

48.45

29540

26.21

83164

73.79

1990

114333

58904

51.52

55429

48.48

30195

26.41

84138

73.59

1991

115823

59466

51.34

56357

48.66

31203

26.94

84620

73.06

1992

117171

59811

51.05

57360

48.95

32175

27.46

84996

72.54

1993

118517

60472

51.02

58045

48.98

33173

27.99

85344

72.01

1994

119850

61246

51.10

58604

48.90

34169

28.51

85681

71.49

1995

121121

61808

51.03

59313

48.97

35174

29.04

85947

70.96

1996

122389

62200

50.82

60189

49.18

37304

30.48

85085

69.52

1997

123626

63131

51.07

60495

48.93

39449

31.91

84177

68.09

1998

124761

63940

51.25

60821

48.75

41608

33.35

83153

66.65

1999

125786

64692

51.43

61094

48.57

43748

34.78

82038

65.22

2000

126743

65437

51.63

61306

48.37

45906

36.22

80837

63.78

2001

127627

65672

51.46

61955

48.54

48064

37.66

79563

62.34

2002

128453

66115

51.47

62338

48.53

50212

39.09

78241

60.91

2003

129227

66556

51.50

62671

48.50

52376

40.53

76851

59.47

2004

129988

66976

51.52

63012

48.48

54283

41.76

75705

58.24

2005

130756

67375

51.53

63381

48.47

56212

42.99

74544

57.01

2006

131448

67728

51.52

63720

48.48

58288

44.34

73160

55.66

2007

132129

68048

51.50

64081

48.50

60633

45.89

71496

54.11

2008

132802

68357

51.47

64445

48.53

62403

46.99

70399

53.01

2009

133450

68647

51.44

64803

48.56

64512

48.34

68938

51.66

2010

134091

68748

51.27

65343

48.73

66978

49.95

67113

50.05

2011

134735

69068

51.26

65667

48.74

69079

51.27

65656

48.73

2012

135404

69395

51.25

66009

48.75

71182

52.57

64222

47.43

2013

136072

69728

51.24

66344

48.76

73111

53.73

62961

46.27

2014

136782

70079

51.23

66703

48.77

74916

54.77

61866

45.23

2015

137462

70414

51.22

67048

48.78

77116

56.10

60346

43.90

2016

138271

70815

51.21

67456

48.79

79298

57.35

58973

42.65

 

注:1.1981年及以前数据为户籍统计数;1982199020002010年数据为当年人口普查数据推算数;其余年份数据为年度人口抽样调查

2.总人口和按性别分人口中包括现役军人,按城乡分人口中现役军人计入城镇人口

a) Figures 1981 (inclusive) are from household registrations; for the year 1982,1990,2000 and 2010 are the census year estimates; the rest of the data

b) Total population and population by sex include the military personnel of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, the military personnel are classified

 

数据来源:中华人民共和国国家统计局.中国统计年鉴2017[Z].北京:中国统计出版社,201731